移民的快樂指數  Happiness of Migrants
Migrant's Happiness survey report

移民的快樂指數 Happiness of Migrants

移民了可活得比現在更快樂?

不少朋友、客人,說想要移民多年,仍沒有真正去付諸實行。問他們原因,他們說是因為移民去一個新的地方,不知是否能適應。說到底就是不確定移民了可活得比現在更快樂。在2018 年,World Happiness Report 為移民在移民後的快樂指數做了一個統計。

Increasingly, with globalization, the people of the world are on the move; and most of these migrants are seeking a happier life. But do they achieve it?

由表1.1 可見,主流移民國家包括澳洲、加拿大,非本地生人口大概佔當地總人口一半以上。
Figure 1.1: Percentage of Population Born Outside the Country

移民快樂指數統計是基於整體民生狀況

是次統計是基於移民在移民國的整體民生狀況:收入、健康、壽命、社會支援、自由及人與人之間的信任及分享。

All the top countries tend to have high values for all six of the key variables that have been found to support well-being: income, healthy life expectancy, social support, freedom, trust and generosity.

主流移民國家快樂指數排名

表2.4 展示了不同國家的移民的快樂指數。主流移民國家排名如下:
Happiness Ranking for the Foreign-Born, 2005–2017
#5 New Zealand 紐西蘭

#6 Australia 澳洲
#7 Canada 加拿大
#15 U.S. 美國
#20 U.K. 英國
..
#77 HK 香港

移民快樂指數的三個因素:生活質素,正面感受,負面感受

表3.1 展示了評核移民快樂指數的三個因素:生活質素,正面感受,負面感受。報告比較了人移民與不移民的快樂指數。

The report compares the happiness of migrants to what their happiness would have been had they not migrated.

Figure 3.1 The Happiness Outcomes of the Global Immigrant Population.png

統計報告發現,移民後的快樂指數有所提升: 生活質素提升9%,正面感受包括 (1) enjoyment, (2) laughter, and (3) happiness 提升5%,負面感受包括 (1) worry, (2) sadness, and (3) anger 減少7% 。

By comparing migrants to matched potential migrants and stayers without migration plans, we estimate that migrants across the globe evaluate the quality of their lives on average 9% higher following migration. They also experience approximately 5% more positive affect (enjoyment, laughter, and happiness)and 7% less negative affect (worry, sadness, and anger)due to migration.

參考資料:

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